Coriander (Coriandrum sativum) is an annual grass plant, which is widely used as a spice in the Mediterranean, Indian, Latin American, Near East and Far East cuisine. Coriander is grown for its fruits which contain 0,3-1,2% of essential oil and 17-24% of plain vegetable oil.
Essential oil contains linalool, geraniol and citronellol, that is why it is used for the production of various products with fragrance resembling a rose, snowdrop, lemon, violet, lily, lime, and etc. The most valuable ingredient is the linalool (making up to 60-70% of the oil).
Coriander is an annual, winter-hardy and moisture-loving essential oil-bearing crop. During soft winters with absolute minimum temperature up to 16-18°С below zero it is successful as a winter crop. Lower average day temperatures during the ripening stage are particularly favourable for the extraction of essential oils.